Company Bylaws & Legal Obligations

NOURITY CORPORATION

Company Bylaws


At the genesis of Nourity Corporation’s organizational fabric lies the official embodiment of our guiding principles—the Bylaws. In this foundational document, we meticulously outline the rules and structures that govern our corporate landscape. As stewards of these bylaws, we pledge to navigate our journey with integrity, collaboration, and a relentless pursuit of excellence.

Enshrining these bylaws signifies our collective commitment to a governance framework that upholds the values integral to our identity. With transparency as our beacon and accountability as our compass, these bylaws stand as the official testament to Nourity Corporation’s unwavering dedication to ethical conduct, innovative endeavors, and the shared prosperity of all stakeholders. Together, let us embark on this journey, anchored by the principles that define us and poised for a future where success is synonymous with integrity and collective achievement.

Documentation Creation: March 09, 2023.
Documentation Last Updated: December 26th, 2023.

SHAREHOLDERS

General Powers

Shareholders of Nourity Corporation wield decision-making authority in crucial areas, including the election of the Board of Directors, approval of financial matters, and amendments to the bylaws. Their voting rights and access to information empower them to actively shape the strategic direction and governance of the company.


Annual Meeting

A meeting of the Shareholders of the Corporation (the “Shareholders”) will be held annually for the purpose of electing directors (the “Directors”) of the Corporation and for the purpose of doing other business as may come before the meeting. If the day fixed for the annual meeting is a legal holiday in the State of New Jersey, the annual meeting will be held on the next succeeding business day or on a date determined by the board of directors for the Corporation (the “Board”) that is no later than two weeks after the date specified in the meeting notice.

The Corporation must hold its annual meeting within:

  • 30 days after the date designated for the annual meeting or, if no date was designated;
  • 13 months after the organization of the Corporation or its last annual meeting

If the annual meeting is not held within that time period then any shareholder may apply to the Superior Court to fix the time and place of the meeting. Special Meetings Unless otherwise prescribed by statute, special meetings of the Shareholders, for any purpose or purposes, may only be called in the following ways:

  • By a majority of the Board; or
  • By the holders of shares entitled to cast in total not less than 10 percent of the votes on any issue proposed for the meeting where written requests describing the purpose or purposes for the special meeting are signed, dated and delivered to a member of the Board or other Officer of the Corporation.

The Board will determine the time, place and date of any special meeting provided that, in the case of a special meeting called by the requisite percentage of Shareholders in accordance with these Bylaws, the Board will issue notice of the special meeting within 30 days of receipt of the written demand(s) by the relevant Officer of the Corporation.


Place of Meeting

The annual meetings or special meetings of the Shareholders may be held at any place in or out of the State of New Jersey at a place to be determined at the discretion of the Board. If no designation of the location is made for any annual or special meeting of the Shareholders, the place of the meeting will be the Registered Office of the Corporation. The Corporation must hold its annual meeting within the earlier of: a) six months after the end of the Corporation’s fiscal year or; b) fifteen months after its last annual meeting. If an annual meeting is not held within that time period, a Shareholder may direct a request in writing to the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation to hold the annual meeting. If a notice of meeting is not given within 60 days of that request then any Shareholder entitled to vote at an annual meeting may apply to any court having jurisdiction for an order directing that the meeting be held and fixing the time and place of the meeting.


Notice of Meetings

The written notice of any meeting will be given not less than 10 days, but not more than 60 days before the date of the meeting to each Shareholder entitled to vote at that meeting. The written notice of the meeting will state the place, date and hour of the meeting, the means of remote communications, if any, and, in the case of a special meeting, the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called.

  • If mailed, notice is given when the notice is deposited in the United States mail, postage prepaid, and directed to the Shareholder at the address of the Shareholder as it appears on the records of the Corporation. An affidavit of the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation or an agent of the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation that the notice has been given will, in the absence of fraud, be prima facie evidence of the facts stated in the notice.

  • A written waiver, signed by the person entitled to a notice of meeting, or a waiver by electronic transmission by the person entitled to that notice, whether before or after the time stated in the notice, will be deemed equivalent to the person receiving the notice. Further, attendance of a person at a meeting will constitute a waiver of notice of that meeting, except when the person attends a meeting for the express purpose of objecting at the beginning of the meeting to the transaction of any business because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened.

Consent of Shareholders in Lieu of Meeting

Any action to be taken at any annual or special meeting of Shareholders, may be taken without a meeting, without prior notice and without a vote, if a consent or consents in writing, setting forth the action to be taken, is signed by the holders of outstanding stock having not less than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to authorize or take the action at a meeting at which all shares entitled to vote on the matter were present and voted is delivered to the Corporation. Every written consent will bear the date of signature of each Shareholder who signs the consent. However, no written consent will be effective unless the consent is delivered, either by hand or by certified or registered mail, within 90 days of the earliest dated consent, to all the Shareholders entitled to vote.

Remote Communication Meetings

Remote communication means any electronic communication including conference telephone, video conference, or any other method or forum currently available or developed in the future by which Shareholders not present in the same physical location may simultaneously communicate with each other.

In the sole and reasonable discretion of the Board of Directors, a meeting of Shareholders of the Corporation may be held at a specific location or may be held by any means of remote communication. Where a meeting will employ remote communication, one or more Shareholders may participate by means of remote communication or the meeting may be held solely by means of remote communication at the sole discretion of the Board of Directors. Where any remote communication is used in a Shareholder meeting, all Shareholders must be provided a reasonable opportunity to participate in the meeting and all Shareholders participating in the meeting must be able to simultaneously hear each other during the meeting. All votes or other actions taken at the meeting by means of electronic transmission must be maintained as a matter of record by the Corporation. Participation in a meeting using any form of remote communication will constitute presence in person at the meeting.

List of Shareholders Entitled to Vote

The Officer who has charge of the Stock Transfer Book of the Corporation will prepare and make, 10 to 60 days before every meeting of the Shareholders, a complete list of the Shareholders entitled to vote at the meeting, arranged in alphabetical order, and showing the address of each Shareholder and the number of shares of stock registered in the name of each Shareholder. The list must be available for inspection by any Shareholder during the meeting. The list must be provided for any purpose related to the meeting:

  • On a reasonably accessible electronic network, so long as the information required to access the list is provided with the notice of the meeting; or

  • During ordinary business hours, at the time and place of the meeting.

  • If the Corporation decides to make the list available on an electronic network, the Corporation will ensure that this information is available only to Shareholders of the Corporation. If the meeting is to be held at a physical location, then the list will be produced and kept at the time and place of the meeting during the whole time of the meeting and may be inspected by any Shareholder who is present.

  • If the meeting is to be held solely by means of remote communication, then the list will also be open to the examination of any Shareholder during the whole time of the meeting on a reasonably accessible electronic network, and the information required to access the list will be provided with the notice of the meeting.

  • If any Director willfully neglects or refuses to produce the list of Shareholders at any meeting for the election of Directors, or to open such a list to examination on a reasonably accessible electronic network during any meeting for the election of Directors held solely by means of remote communication, those Directors will be ineligible for election to any office at that meeting.

  • The Stock Transfer Book will be the only evidence as to who are the Shareholders entitled by this section to examine the list required by this section or to vote in person or by proxy at any meeting of Shareholders.


Quorum and Required Vote

A minimum of 75 percent of the shares entitled to vote, present in person or represented by proxy, will constitute a quorum entitled to take action at a meeting of Shareholders.

In all matters other than the election of Directors, any act of the Shareholders must be passed by an affirmative vote of the majority of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the matter.

Directors will be elected by a majority of the votes of the shares present in person or represented by proxy at the meeting and entitled to vote on the election of Directors. Where a separate vote by a class or series or classes or series of shares (“Eligible Shares”) is required, 75 percent of the outstanding Eligible Shares present in person or represented by proxy, will constitute a quorum entitled to take action with respect to that vote on that matter. Any act to be taken must be passed by an affirmative vote of the majority of the outstanding Eligible Shares present in person or represented by proxy.


Shareholders Voting Rights and Proxies

Subject to the Certificate of Incorporation, each Shareholder will be entitled to one vote for each share of stock held by that Shareholder.

Each Shareholder entitled to vote at a meeting of Shareholders or to express consent or dissent to corporate action in writing without a meeting may authorize another person or persons to act for that Shareholder by proxy, but no proxy will be valid after 11 months from the date of its execution unless the proxy provides for a longer period.

Execution of a proxy may be accomplished by the Shareholder or by the authorized Officer, Director, employee or agent of the Shareholder, signing the writing or causing that person’s signature to be affixed to the writing by any reasonable means including, but not limited to, by facsimile signature.

A duly executed proxy will be irrevocable if it states that it is irrevocable and if, and only as long as, it is coupled with an interest sufficient in law to support an irrevocable power. A proxy may be made irrevocable regardless of whether the interest with which it is coupled is an interest in the shares or an interest in the Corporation generally.


Revocation of Shares

Grounds for Revocation: The Corporation reserves the right to revoke the shares of any shareholder under the following circumstances:

a. Breach of Shareholder Obligations: If a shareholder fails to fulfill their obligations as outlined in the Corporation’s bylaws, shareholders’ agreement, or applicable laws, the Corporation may revoke their shares.

b. Violation of Laws or Regulations: If a shareholder engages in illegal activities or violates any laws, regulations, or ethical standards that may negatively affect the Corporation, the Board of Directors may revoke their shares.

c. Just Cause Determination: In cases where the Corporation determines, at its sole discretion, that there is just cause for revocation based on factors such as misconduct, fraudulent activities, or actions detrimental to the Corporation’s interests, the Board of Directors may revoke the shares of the shareholder.

Revocation Process:

a. Notice: Prior to revoking a shareholder’s shares, the Board of Directors shall provide written notice to the shareholder detailing the reasons for the proposed revocation. The notice shall specify a reasonable period within which the shareholder may respond or rectify the alleged violations.

b. Opportunity to be Heard: The shareholder shall have the opportunity to present their case and be heard by the Board of Directors or a designated committee before a final decision regarding the revocation is made.

c. Board Decision: After considering the shareholder’s response, if any, and any additional relevant information, the Board of Directors shall make a decision regarding the revocation of shares. The decision of the Board shall be final and binding.

d. Revocation Process: If the Board of Directors decides to proceed with the revocation, a formal process for the revocation of shares shall be followed in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.

Effect of Revocation:

a. Loss of Shareholder Rights: Upon the revocation of shares, the shareholder shall forfeit all rights, privileges, and interests associated with the revoked shares, including voting rights, dividend entitlements, and any other benefits.

b. Return of Consideration: The Corporation may determine the terms and conditions for the return of consideration paid by the shareholder for the revoked shares, if any, in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.

c. Share Transfer: Revoked shares shall be deemed canceled and shall not be transferable, and the Corporation shall take appropriate steps to reflect the revocation in its records and share registers.


Voting Rights of Fiduciaries, Pledgers and Joint Owners of Shares

Persons holding shares in a fiduciary capacity will be entitled to vote the shares so held. Persons whose shares are pledged will be entitled to vote, unless, in the transfer by the pledger on the books of the Corporation, that person has expressly empowered the pledgee to vote the shares, in which case only the pledgee, or that pledgee’s proxy, may represent and vote the shares.

  • Voting Trusts and Other Voting Agreements Two or more Shareholders may, by agreement in writing, create a voting trust by depositing their shares with a voting trustee, who will have the authority to vote the shares in accordance with the terms and conditions of the voting trust agreement. To be valid, the voting trustee must deliver copies of the list of Shareholders and the voting trust agreement to the Registered Office of the Corporation in this state. Upon receiving the voting trust agreement, the Corporation will issue new share certificates in the name of the trustee and cancel the old share certificates. The new share certificates issued will state that they are issued pursuant to a voting trust agreement.

  • Any amendment to a voting trust agreement will be made by a written agreement, a copy of which will be filed with the Registered Office of the Corporation in this state.

  • The right of inspection of any voting trust agreement or related amendment by a Shareholder of record or a holder of a voting trust certificate, in person or by agent, will be the same right of inspection that applies to the securities register of the Corporation.

  • An agreement between two or more Shareholders, if in writing and signed by the parties to the agreement, may provide that in exercising any voting rights, the shares held by them will be voted as provided by the agreement, or as the parties may agree, or as determined in accordance with a procedure agreed upon by them.

The above provisions concerning voting trusts and voting agreements will not be deemed to invalidate any voting or other agreement among Shareholders or any irrevocable proxy which is not otherwise illegal.


Cumulative Voting

  • Shareholders may use cumulative voting elections when electing Directors.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

General Powers

The Board of Directors holds pivotal decision-making authority, overseeing the strategic direction of Nourity Corporation. With the power to approve major corporate actions, appoint executives, and ensure financial integrity, the Board plays a central role in guiding the company toward sustained success.


Number, Tenure and Quorum

The Board will consist of ten members, each of whom will be a natural person. Directors need not be Shareholders. Each Director will hold office until that Director’s successor is elected and qualified or until that Director’s earlier resignation or removal. Any Director may resign at any time upon notice given in writing or by electronic transmission to the Corporation. In order to transact business at a meeting of the Directors, a quorum of 50 percent of the total number of Directors eligible to vote will be required. The vote of the majority of the Directors present at a meeting at which a quorum is present will be the act of the Board.


Regular Meetings

By resolution, the Board may provide the time and place, either within or without the State of New Jersey, for the holding of regular meetings without any notice other than that resolution.


Special Meetings

Special meetings of the Board may be called by or at the request of the Chief Executive Officer or by a majority of the Directors. The person or persons calling that special meeting of the Board may fix any date, time or place, either within or without the State of New Jersey, to be the date, time and place for holding that special meeting.


Notice

Written notice of the date, time, and place of a special meeting of the Board will be given at least 7 days prior to the date set for that meeting. The written notice can be given personally, by mail, by private carrier, by telegraph, by telephone facsimile, or by any other manner as permitted by the New Jersey Business Corporation Act. The notice will be given by the Secretary or one of the persons authorized to call Directors’ meetings.

If written notice is mailed, correctly addressed to a Director’s address as provided in the Corporation’s current records, the notice will be deemed to have been given to that Director at the time of mailing. If written notice is sent by private carrier or if the written notice is sent by United States mail, postage prepaid and by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, the notice will be deemed to have been given to a Director on the date shown on the return receipt. Otherwise notice is effective when received by a Director.

Notice of any Directors’ meeting may be waived by a Director before or after the date and time of the meeting. The waiver must be in writing, must be signed by a Director, and must be delivered to the Corporation for inclusion in the minutes or filing with the corporate records. The attendance of a Director at a meeting of the Board will constitute a waiver of notice of that meeting except where a Director attends a meeting for the express purpose of objecting to the transaction of any business because the meeting is not lawfully convened.


Action by Directors Without a Meeting

Any action to be taken at any meeting of the Board or of any committee of the Board may be taken without a meeting if all members of the Board or committee, as the case may be, consent to it in writing, or by electronic transmission and the writing or writings or electronic transmission or transmissions are filed with the minutes of proceedings of the Board, or committee. This filing will be in paper form if the minutes are maintained in paper form and will be in electronic form if the minutes are maintained in electronic form.


Remote Communication Meetings

Remote communication means any electronic communication including conference telephone, video conference, or any other method or forum currently available or developed in the future by which Directors not present in the same physical location may simultaneously communicate with each other.

  • A meeting of the Board may be held by any means of remote communication by which all persons authorized to vote or take other action at the meeting can hear each other during the meeting and each person has a reasonable opportunity to participate. This remote participation in a meeting will constitute presence in person at the meeting.

Vacancies and Newly Created Directorships

When vacancies or newly created directorships resulting from any increase in the authorized number of Directors occur, a majority of the Directors then in office, although less than a quorum, or a sole remaining Director will have the power to appoint new Directors to fill this vacancy or vacancies. Each new Director so chosen will hold office until the next annual meeting of the Shareholders.

  • If at any time, by reason of death or resignation or other cause, the Corporation should have no Directors in office, then any Officer or any Shareholder or an executor, administrator, trustee or guardian of a Shareholder, or other fiduciary entrusted with like responsibility for the person or estate of a Shareholder, may call a special meeting of Shareholders for an election to fill the vacancy.

  • When one or more Directors resign from the Board and the resignation is to become effective at a future date, a majority of the Directors then in office, including those who have so resigned, will have the power to appoint new Directors to fill this vacancy or vacancies. The appointments of these new Directors will take effect when the resignation or resignations are to become effective, and each new Director so chosen will hold office until the next annual meeting of the Shareholders.


Removal

Any Director or the entire Board may be removed, with or without cause, by the holders of a majority of the shares then entitled to vote at an election of Directors at a special meeting of the Shareholders called for that purpose. No director may be removed when the votes cast against removal would be sufficient to elect the director if voted cumulatively at an election where the same total number of votes were cast.


Organization

Meetings of the Board will be presided over by the Chairman of the Board, or in the Chairman’s absence by a Director chosen at the meeting. The person presiding at the meeting may appoint any person to act as secretary of the meeting.

Chairman of the Board

  • The Chairman of the Board, if present, will preside at all meetings of the Board, and exercise and perform any other authorities and duties as may be from time to time delegated by the Board.

Compensation

  • The Board will, by resolution, fix the fees and other compensation for the Directors for their services as Directors, including their services as members of committees of the Board. All changes to Director compensation are subject to ratification by the Shareholders.

Presumption of Assent

  • A Director of the Corporation who is present at a meeting of the Board will be presumed to have assented to an action taken on any corporate matter at the meeting unless:

  • The Director objects at the beginning of the meeting, or promptly upon the Director’s arrival, to holding the meeting or transacting business at the meeting;

  • The Director’s dissent or abstention from the action taken is entered in the minutes of the meeting; or

  • The Director delivers written notice of the Director’s dissent or abstention to the presiding officer of the meeting before the adjournment of the meeting or to the Corporation within a reasonable time after adjournment of the meeting.

Any right to dissent or abstain from the action will not apply to a Director who voted in favor of that action.


THE HEAD OF ADMINISTRATION

General Powers

The Head of Administration possesses the authority to oversee and optimize the day-to-day operations of Nourity Corporation, playing a pivotal role in the organization’s administrative functions. Their powers extend to making operational decisions, initiating projects, and collaborating with department heads, all within the defined boundaries set by the organization’s bylaws.


Election Process

On the 28th of each month, a pivotal day in our organizational calendar, a vote shall resound throughout the corridors of Nourity Corporation. This vote, encompassing the perspectives of the Board of Directors, Shareholders, and the Corporate Team, is a collective expression of our commitment to shared leadership and operational excellence. This ballot is cast to elect a new Head of Administration, an integral role entrusted with overseeing the intricate operations that drive our company forward.


Role and Responsibilities

The Head of Administration, serving as the second-in-command to the Chief Executive Officer, assumes a pivotal role in the organizational hierarchy. This position is charged with the comprehensive oversight of all company operations. From streamlining processes to ensuring efficiency across departments, the Head of Administration plays a crucial role in maintaining the cohesive fabric of Nourity Corporation. Through strategic decision-making and collaborative leadership, they contribute significantly to the realization of our organizational goals and objectives.


Term and Succession

The term of the Head of Administration shall align with the monthly election cycle which will take place on the 28th, the successor shall take office on the 1st of the following month. In the event of a resignation or the need for a new appointment, a succession plan shall be activated, ensuring continuity in leadership. This approach guarantees that Nourity Corporation remains agile, responsive, and equipped to face the ever-evolving challenges of the corporate landscape.


Executive Authority

The Executive Authority of the Head of Administration within Nourity Corporation is a crucial aspect of their role. While holding a position with significant influence, it is imperative to establish well-defined boundaries for decision-making. This section meticulously outlines the specific areas where the Head of Administration’s executive authority is constrained.

Definition of Boundaries:

This subsection serves to clearly define the limits of the Head of Administration’s decision-making powers. Within these boundaries:

  • Can:

    • Make day-to-day operational decisions related to the administration and management of company affairs.
    • Initiate and oversee projects that fall within the purview of administrative functions.
    • Collaborate with department heads to optimize operational efficiency.
  • Cannot:

    • Make significant financial decisions without collaboration with the Chief Financial Officer and adherence to budgetary guidelines.
    • Deviate from established organizational values and mission in decision-making.
    • Override decisions that fall outside the predefined parameters without consultation with the CEO or relevant stakeholders.

Scrutiny for Balanced Distribution of Power:

This subsection emphasizes the importance of subjecting the Head of Administration’s authority to scrutiny to maintain a balanced distribution of power.

  • Can:

    • Engage in collaborative decision-making processes that involve the Board of Directors, Shareholders, and relevant stakeholders.
    • Propose and implement changes to operational processes for greater efficiency.
  • Cannot:

    • Unilaterally make decisions that significantly impact the organization without the necessary scrutiny.
    • Exceed the defined boundaries of authority, ensuring that checks and balances are maintained.

Safeguarding Collective Integrity:

The primary goal of this section is to safeguard the collective integrity of Nourity Corporation.

  • Can:

    • Uphold the highest standards of integrity in all operational and administrative activities.
    • Initiate measures to enhance transparency and accountability within the administrative functions.
  • Cannot:

    • Engage in activities that compromise the ethical standards of the organization.
    • Withhold information pertinent to key decisions from the Board of Directors and the Chief Executive Officer.

In summary, this section on Executive Authority defines the specific actions the Head of Administration can and cannot undertake, ensuring that their decision-making aligns with the organizational goals, values, and maintains a balanced distribution of power.


LOANS, CHECKS, DEPOSITS, CONTRACTS


Loans

Without authorization by a resolution of the Board, the Corporation is prohibited from making or accepting loans in its name, or issuing evidence of indebtedness in its name. The authorization of the Board for the Corporation to perform these acts can be general or specific.


Checks, Drafts, Notes

All checks, drafts, or other orders for the payment of money, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued in the name of the Corporation must be signed by a designated Officer or Officers, agent or agents of the Corporation and in a manner as will from time to time be determined by resolution of the Board.


Deposits

All funds of the Corporation not otherwise used will be deposited to the credit of the Corporation in banks, trust companies, or other depositories designated by the Board.


Voting Securities Held by the Corporation

An Officer or agent designated by the Board will, with full power and authority, attend, act, and vote, on behalf of the Corporation, at any meeting of security holders or interest holders of other corporations or entities in which the Corporation may hold securities or interests. At that meeting, the delegated agent will have and execute any and all rights and powers incidental to the ownership of the securities or interests that the Corporation holds.


Contracts

The Board may give authority to any Officer or agent, to make any contract or execute and deliver any instrument in the name of the Corporation and on its behalf, and that authority may be general or specific.


Conflict of Interest by Directors

A Director or Officer of the Corporation will be disqualified from voting as a Director or Officer on a specific matter where that Director or Officer deals or contracts with the Corporation either as a vendor or purchaser.

A Director or Officer of the Corporation will not be disqualified as a Director or Officer for the sole reason that the Director or Officer deals or contracts with the Corporation either as a vendor, purchaser, or otherwise.


Loans to Employees and Officers

The Corporation may lend money to, or guaranty any obligation of, or otherwise assist, any Officer or employee of the Corporation or of its subsidiary, including any Officer or employee who is a Director of the Corporation or any subsidiary of the Corporation, whenever, in the opinion of the Directors, the loan, guaranty or assistance may reasonably be expected to benefit the Corporation. The loan, guaranty or other assistance may be with or without interest, and may be unsecured, or secured in such manner as the Board will approve, including, without limitation, a pledge of shares of the Corporation. Nothing contained in this section is to be construed so as to deny, limit or restrict the powers of guarantee or warranty of the Corporation at common law or under any applicable statute.


APPENDIX

Glossary

  • Bylaws - the purpose of these bylaws (the “Bylaws”) is to provide rules governing the internal management of the Corporation.

  • Chairman of the Board - The Chairman of the Board will be appointed to the individual containing most of the company’s shares.

  • Stock Transfer Book - A Stock Transfer Book is the complete record of the owners of shares of stock in the Corporation.